Life expectancy at birth and healthy life years in Czechia and Slovakia
Hana Mgr. Moravkova, Charles University in Prague
Olga Sivkova, Charles University in Prague
Population aging is a hot topic for developed countries during last 60 years. Slow renewal by reproduction of populations brings less children and more elderly people. Therefore, there is-ARE growing pressures to pension, health, and social system. Demography and economy disciplines are trying to find out THE economic burden of population aging (Fehr, 1996; Fornero, 2004; Grignon, 2008). THE-Decreasing level of Life Expectancy (LE) causes growing OF-the costs of pensions, moreover disability of seniors means high expenditure for hospitals and department of social welfare. The current question is whether the added years of life expectancy are in health or not. The Healthy Life Years (HLY), which is closely related to THE-life expectancy indicator, is based on combination of mortality tables and morbidity data such as prevalence of self-perceived health status. The main source of prevalence of health in society is THE-Minimum European Health Module (MEHM). Three global questions concerning 3 health domains: self-perceived health, chronic conditions and long-term activity limitation (also GALI – global activity limitation indicator) (Cox, et al., 2009) MEHM is also A- part of the sample survey of the Czech Statistical Office - The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) 2011, which is utilised in the research. This paper focus-ES on the gap between Czechia(CZECH+SLOVAK) and Slovakia HLY. Result of GALI in Czechia 2011 is 66.08 years at age 0 for males and 67.15 years for females. In Slovakia HLY for the years equals 52.75 years at age 0 for males and 54.91 years for females. By decomposition of Health Expectancy two kinds of effect were found: THE- effect of mortality and disability. Relatively high differences are caused from 90.2 % for male and 95.2 % for female(-s-) by disability. Is that gap possibly caused by cultural diversity of the countries?