Economic transformation of the family at the transitional stage in Georgia

Tamar Shinjiashvili, Sokhumi State University
Avtandil Sulaberidze, Ilia State University
Nino Gomelauri, Ilia State University

Over the past 25 years, Georgia, unlike the countries of Eastern Europe and the Baltic states is still in political and socio-economic crisis. Such situation was conditioned by the global fundamental factors along with the specific problems of local nature (civil war, the loss of territorial integrity and the wrong management of economic programs in the conditions of market economics and etc.). Modernization the Soviet authoritarian family into liberal-democratic one is going on. Traditional, socio-economic, national, cultural, and psychological factors of local nature lengthens the formation of new family types and it may be seen as Famili transpormatikus. In 2013 the survey was conducted to show the current transformation process of the family, where material support to the family level was taken into consideration. The survey was conducted in large, medium and small cities and 1200 family members were interviewed. The conducted survey allowed us to study financial condition of the family according to sex and age, education and work activities, which will be presented in the paper. Based on the results of the study we may say that family transformation is taking place in conditions of poverty, which prevents establishment of liberal-democratic values in the family and encourages migration processes of young family members. Demographically old family could not support itself materially, not to mention the small and medium business. Based on the survey results, we believe that, the government should pay particular attention to employment and family incomes for overcoming poverty and growing income, for that it should develop the family business. Otherwise, we do not exclude not only impeding establishment of liberal - democratic values, but also increasing social tensions, which will have unfavorable political consequences.

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Presented in Session 60: Special thematic session on family systems and transitions