A geography of unmarried cohabitation in the Americas

Albert Esteve, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Antonio López-Gay, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Sheela Kennedy, University of Minnesota
Ron J. Lesthaeghe, University of Michigan and University of California, Irvine
Benoît Laplante, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS)
Julián López-Colás, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Iñaki Permanyer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Anna Turu, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

This paper presents the map unmarried cohabitation in the Americas. The map offers a large scale cross-national perspective together with small area estimates of cohabitation. Census microdata from 41 countries and more than 17,000 units have been pulled together to map the percentage of cohabitation among women in union aged 25 to 29. From Canada to Argentina, results show inter- and intra-national contrasting regional patterns. The highest rates of cohabitation are found in areas of Central America, the Caribbean, Colombia and Peru. The lowest rates are mainly found in the United States and Mexico. Brazil, Argentina and Chile occupy intermediate positions. In all countries, there is substantial spatial heterogeneity, as indicated by spatial autocorrelation statistics. Our results beg the question as to which forces have shaped these patterns and remind us that such forces need to be taken into account to understand recent patterns and rises in cohabitation.

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Presented in Session 104: Regional demography: new data and approaches